Parnassos Mountain | Arachova | Home of the Muses
Updated: May 3, 2020
Parnassos is a mountain in Central Greece that lies above the sacred area of Delphi and hosts the famous ski resort Arachova, and which offers scenic views of the surrounding olive groves and countryside. According to the Greek mythology, Parnassos was sacred to Dionysos and Apollo, and was the home of the Muses.
Parnassos is one of the largest mountainous zones of the Greek mainland and one of the highest mountains of Greece. It lies within three municipalities, Viotia, Fthiotida and Fokida. Its altitude is 2,457 meters (highest peak: Liakouras). Adjacent mountains are Giona and Kirfe.
The mythological relation of Parnassos to the Muses led to a "mystification" trend, which resulted to the poetic and artistic trend of the 19th century (established in France) called "Parnassism".
In 1938, due to the biodiversity of the mountain (flora and fauna), authorities decided the establishment of the National Park of Parnassos (or Parnassus). The Park includes a landscape of 36,000 acres on the mountainous region between Delphi, Arachova and Agoriani. Endemic species are: Cephalonian fir tree, Parnassian peony, prey birds, wolves, boars, badgers and weasels.
The mountain hosts the largest ski center in Greece, which comprises of two sections, Kellaria and Fterolakka. Its construction started in 1975 and was completed in 1976. Today the Ski Center operates 16 lifts with 25 marked ski runs and about 15 ski routes of 36 km.