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Helmos Mountain | Kalavryta | The Seven Peaks where Adventure and Mythology Meet

Updated: Mar 6

Authors

George Papadellis | SG Head

with some good tips from AI


Helmos Mountain (or Aroania) is located in the northern part of the Peloponnese peninsula (Achaia Region), rising to a height of 2,355 meters (7,726 feet) above sea level. It is part of the Helmos-Vouraikos National Park, which spans over an area of 97,000 hectares and is home to an abundance of flora and fauna. The mountain is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts, offering a range of activities throughout the year. In this article, we explore the history, geography, and attractions of Helmos Mountain.


Helmos Mountains  |  Shiny Greece

Helmos is the third highest mountain range of Peloponnese, after Taygetos and Kyllini. It has seven (7) peaks above 2.000 meters elevation, namely: Psili Koryfi (2.355 m), Neraidorachi (2.341 m), Aetorachi (2.335 m), Kokkinovrachos (2.315 m), Gardi (2.182 m), Avgo (2.138 m), Nisi (2.080 m).


Geography and Geology

Helmos Mountain is a part of the Pindus mountain range and is located in the northern part of the Peloponnese peninsula. The mountain is composed of limestone and dolomite rocks and it is home to several glaciers, including the Kalavryta Glacier, which is the southernmost in Europe.


Helmos Mountain from its Peak

Helmos Mountain from its Peak | Photo by: Nikos Laskaridis, Xelmos1, CC BY-SA 4.0


Flora and Fauna

The Helmos-Vouraikos National Park is known for its rich biodiversity, including over 1,500 plant species and 150 bird species. The park is also home to a number of rare and endangered species, such as the golden eagle, the brown bear, and the European otter. The park's forests are dominated by fir, beech, and oak trees, while the mountain slopes are covered in alpine meadows and shrubs.


Local Flora and Neraidorahi

Local Flora and Neraidorahi | Photo by: Marossis, Helmos - Neraidorahi, CC BY-SA 4.0


History and Mythology

Helmos Mountain has a rich history and mythology. According to Greek mythology, the mountain was the home of the god Hermes, who was born in a cave on the mountain's slopes. The mountain was also an important site for the worship of the goddess Artemis, and there are several ancient temples and sanctuaries dedicated to her on the mountain. In more recent history, Helmos Mountain played a significant role in the Greek War of Independence, serving as a hideout for guerrilla fighters.


Mesorrougi Village on Helmos

Mesorrougi Village on Helmos | Photo by: Georgikopoulos Manolis, Chelmos Mountain, CC BY-SA 4.0


Activities and Attractions

Helmos Mountain offers a range of activities throughout the year. During the winter months, the mountain is a popular ski destination, with several ski resorts offering slopes for skiers of all levels. In the summer, the mountain is a popular destination for hiking, with several trails offering stunning views of the surrounding landscape. Other popular activities include mountain biking, rock climbing, and paragliding. Helmos is also the site of the Aristarchos telescope. Attractions on the mountain include the Cave of the Lakes (Spileo ton Limnon), the monastery of Mega Spileo and the mountain city of Kalavryta.


Helmos with Aristarchos Telescope  |  Shiny Greece

Helmos Observatory | Photo by: Nikos Laskaridis, Helmos 001, CC BY-SA 4.0


Choose Helmos

Helmos Mountain is a natural treasure, offering visitors a range of activities and attractions throughout the year. From its rich history and mythology to its stunning natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna, the mountain is a must-see destination for anyone visiting Greece. Whether you're a winter sports enthusiast or a nature lover looking for a summer adventure, Helmos Mountain has something for everyone.


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Fantastic landscapes, wild beauty...

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Ideal for mountain activities!!!

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