top of page
  • Writer's pictureShiny Greece

Samaria Gorge | Chania Crete | The Iron Gates to a World UNESCO Biosphere

Updated: Feb 27


George Papadellis | SG Head

The Samaria Gorge, the second longest gorge in Europe after the Verdon Gorge in France, is one of the most important experiences in Crete and Greece in total, attracting thousands of tourists each year on its unique route. In 1962, it was nominated a National Park of Greece (the Samaria Gorge National Park) and later a UNESCO World Biosphere Park.

Samaria Gorge Crete Greece

Samaria Gorge Crete - Photo by: ID 124554664 © Aleh Varanishcha |

The Samaria Gorge Greece is situated in the southern part of the Regional Unit of Chania (western Crete), between the main volume of the White Mountains and Mount Volakias. Most of it belongs to the Municipality of Sfakia and a smaller part to the Municipality of Platanias. The Samaria Gorge has taken its name from the village of Samaria (abandoned today). It used to be a hideout for revolutionaries during the Turkish domination.

The gorge has two natural entrances. The northern Samaria Gorge Entrance is at an altitude of 1,227 meters on the plateau Omalos (the distance from Chania to Samaria Gorge is 40 km). The southern Samaria Gorge Entrance is at sea level, in a dry valley before the village of Agia Roumeli. But how long is Samaria Gorge? From the north to the south entrance, the Samaria Gorge distance is 13 km, while the coast is met by walkers at 16.7 km. The most impressive part of the route is the "Doors" or "Iron Doors" location. It is the narrowest point (width only 3 meters), with the height of the walls of the gorge varying from 100 to 700 meters.

The site is very dangerous throughout the winter but also in the early morning and late afternoon hours in the summer due to landslides due to sudden changes in temperature and the passage of crickets in search of food.

Samaria Gorge Geology

The Gorge was developed during the Quaternary period, when glacial action and karstic phenomena created the dolomite beds of the rock formations.

Samaria Gorge in Crete

The Samaria Gorge Crete - Photo by: in the public domain (according to Wikimedia Commons)

The habitat of the gorge hosts many species of flora and fauna, with the most famous being the Cretan chamois (kri-kri).

Samaria Gorge Hike Crete

A must for the visitors of Crete is to complete the walk down the gorge from the Omalos plateau to Agia Roumeli on the Libyan Sea, from where tourists either sail to the nearby village of Sougia or Hora Sfakion (where they can spend a night) or catch a bus back to Chania. The walk takes five to seven hours and can be strenuous, especially at the peak of summer.

The Samaria Gorge hike difficulty is generally low. The trail is not difficult, but it is very long, with some tricky sections and a short uphill part. Most of the Samaria Gorge Trail is manageable but get prepared for a long hike!

Hotels near Samaria Gorge

Proposed hotels near Samaria Gorge Crete are:


Visit Trip Advisor to read Samaria Gorge Reviews on the Samaria Gorge difficulty.

Samaria Gorge on Crete

Samaria Gorge National Park Crete - Photo by: ID 138771756 © Banepetkovic |

Samaria Gorge Entrance Fee

The Samaria Gorge price is five (5) euro and visitors must keep the ticket because it is being checked at the trail’s end.

Samaria Gorge Opening Times

According to the regulation of the Park, the Gorge is open from 1st May to 15th October, and from 6 am until 4 pm. If weather permits, the period can be prolonged until 31st October.

Samaria Gorge in Greece

Samaria Gorge Hike - Photo by: ID 91372488 © Christophe Cappelli |


The correct Samaria Gorge Footwear is hiking boots or trainers, not flip flops.

Bus Timetable

Ferry Times

Weather Forecast

Samaria Gorge weather is generally very good and similar to the weather of Chania. During April, May and October it is most likely for a visitor to experience pleasant average temperatures falling between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). The warmest months of Samaria Gorge Chania are June, July (the warmest and driest month) and August. Dry periods can be experienced in May, June, August and September. The coldest and most wet month is January (Samaria Gorge winter is difficult).

Where is Samaria Gorge in Crete?

Samaria Gorge Crete Map

Samaria Gorge Map - Source: Google Maps

Samaria Gorge Tour


Tours & Activities


991 views3 comments


Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
Apr 11
Rated 5 out of 5 stars.

Amazing experience!! Prepare with suitable shoes and courage for a unique descent into the Cretan nature.


John Smith
John Smith
Feb 08, 2021

This is a very exploring blog and my next trip destination is done after reading your post, I shared my last journey with you guys, my last trip destination was Malta and I have taken all the facilities via CouponCodify and now this time I have also choose the same resource for my next destination trip.chosen

Shiny Greece
Shiny Greece
Feb 27, 2021
Replying to

Thank you Mr. Smith! We are very happy that we have helped with our blog. We are a very small team and we are trying to do our best to extend our places and posts here! We hope that you will spend some unforgetable days in Samaria!


Top Articles