Ancient Theatre of Mytilini | Lesbos
Updated: Apr 20, 2020
The Theatre of Mytilene, standing on the hill of Agia Kyriaki, is considered one of the greatest works of architecture of the ancient world.
Surviving architectural members indicate that the theatre was built in Early Hellenistic times in Mytilini. The form in which it is preserved today corresponds to its final building phase, the phase of the Late Roman period.
After the First World War, in the mid-1920s, the archaeologist Evangelidis uncovered much of the famous theatre (according to Plutarch it was the inspiration for Pompey's theatre in Rome in 55 BC, the first permanent stone theatre in that city) on the hill on the western side of the town. Subsequent work in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s by various members of the Archaeological Service revealed more of the theatre, including a Roman conversion to a gladiatorial arena.