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Homer | Ancient Greek Poet

Updated: Dec 16, 2019

Homer is one of the most famous Greek poets, the legendary author of the two epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the central works of Greek literature.

Photo title: Idealized portrayal of Homer dating to the Hellenistic period, British Museum | Photo by: in the public domain (according to Wikimedia Commons)


The main question on Homer - by whom, when, where and under what circumstances were the Iliad and Odyssey composed - continues to be debated. Maybe in the island of the mastic? One group holds that most of Iliad and the Odyssey is the works of a single poet of genius. The other considers the Homeric poems to be the crystallization of a process of working and re-working by many contributors and that "Homer", among other famous Greek poets like Sappho, is best seen as a label for an entire tradition. From antiquity, the influence of the Homeric epics on western civilization has been huge, inspiring many of the most famous works of literature, music and visual art.


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